“Briefly summarize and analyze two primary sources, identifying their intended audience, purpose, context in which they were produced (what was happening at the time), and their overall historical significance (why it is important). Once you have analyzed the documents, discuss how they relate to each other. For example, do they reveal different perspectives or change over time?

The purpose of this is to go deep into a piece of material and engage with the historians’ craft of how to interpret pieces of the past. This is not a right/wrong type of paper. This is your interpretation based on what you know. The paper needs to have a strong thesis statement supported by quotes from the primary source with a conclusion that sums it up.

The paper should be 2 – 3 pages


Hunter-Gatherer and Agricultural Societies
Hunting and Warfare – Cave Paintings 
Çatal Hüyük City Plan
Code of Hammurabi  

Herodotus: On the Kings of Sparta 
Accounts of the Hellenic Games 
Plato: The Republic

The Roman Way of Declaring War 
The 12 Tables 
Strabo: The Grandeur of Rome 
Late Antiquity and the Emergence of Islam
Sidonius Apollinaris: A Civilized Barbarian and Barbarian Roman 
The Prophet Muhammad’s Last Sermon 
The Qu’ran 1, 47
Pope Gregory the Great: Succession to Tenant Holdings on Church Land
Æthelwulf, King of Wessex: Grant of a Tenth of Public Land 
Canute the Great: The Granting of Fiefs 

The Crusades
Gregory VII: Call for a Crusade [First Crusade] 
Eugene III: Summons for a Crusade [Second Crusade] 
The Decline of Christian Power in the Holy Land 
Richard the Lion-Hearted Conquers Cypress

The Middle Ages
Gregory of Tours: The Harsh Treatment of Serfs and Slaves
Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales: The Prologue to the Wife of Bath’s Tale 
The Renaissance and Discovery
Niccolo Machiavelli: The Prince [excerpts] 
The Book of the Courtier [Excerpt]
The Life of Leonardo da Vinci 
Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal 
Sir Francis Drake’s Famous Voyage Around the World