“Part 1
These are the materials you will need for this course.

Walker, Samuel & Katz, Charles, The Police In America, An Introduction, 9th Edition, McGraw Hill

lesson 8

 What are the five ‘types’ of corruption identified in the text? List each and give an example.
 Identify the six different theories of police corruption. Which theory do you believe best explains why police corruption occurs?
Having read the first chapter of the text discuss the question of ‘why do we have police’? You may state your own opinion but please back it up with some facts. 
Having read Chapter 3 of the text, discuss the ‘advantages and disadvantages of civilianization’. Do you agree or disagree with the use of civilianization by law enforcement agencies? 
Discuss….’If you were a police chief, how would you organize your department’? Think about things like ‘specialized units’ and ‘rules’ (few or many). 
Discuss the following question: “”There is a lot of emphases today on de-escalation. Describe situations where it is not appropriate and situations where it is the most appropriate. Out there on the street, how is an officer to determine which situations are appropriate and which ones are not?””

Part 2The book for this course is Criminal-Law-OER.pdf short answersExplain civil litigation and criminal prosecution as discussed in chapter 1 of the OER. Try to answer the questions below with your explanation. You may use examples from real cases as an example.

1. Define the goal of civil litigation?

2. Define the goal of criminal prosecution?

3. What is the difference between the two?

4. Can there be civil liability if there is no harm caused? Explain.

5. Can there be a crime if there is no harm caused? Explain.

6. Is there ever a punishment involved in civil litigation? What is it called?

In the age of social media, accusations made against a particular person can be life altering. Publicly-made accusations are often assumed to be true even in the abscense of evidence. In the social media world, there is an expectation that the accused must prove their innocence. In other words, the accused must prove they didn’t commit the crime for which they are accused.

1. What concept, guaranteed by the constituation, proves social media’s concept of having to prove your innocense is wrong?

2. Why is it easier to prove that you have been to Walmart as opposed to proving you have never been to Walmart? Explain your answer.

3. If I accuse you of stealing my TV, do you have to prove you didn’t take it or do I have to prove you did take it? Which way makes more sense? Explain your answer.

4. In our criminal justice system, why is the accuser not allowed to remain anonymous?

5. What amendment to the U.S. Constitution allows the accused to confront their accuser? What does the amendment specifically say?

6. Why is the right to confront your accuser a fundamental right?

7. How has today’s social media similar to Salem Witch Trials?

Part 3

These are the materials you will need for this course:

Swanson, C., Chamelin, N., Territo, L., & Taylor, R. Criminal Investigation, 11th Edition, McGraw-Hill

Discuss the questions listed below. Write in complete sentences.

What are the four objectives of investigation?
What is a rogues’ gallery?
What are the sources of DNA material listed in this chapter?
What is the difference between an arrest and a charging?
Discuss the questions listed below. Write in complete sentences.Discuss the difference between these type of latent fingerprints. Plastic prints, Patent/contaminated/visible prints and Latent/invisible prints.
What are the two basic categories of people who confess to a crime?
What are elimination prints and how are they used in an investigation?”

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