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Discussion Topic Seven: Budgeting & Financial Management as a System: Theoretical Approaches to Public Budgeting.
1. Given the complex, fragmented, and even discombobulated nature of the American budget process, applying some of Deming’s insights regarding systems thinking (and the importance of adopting awareness of a system) 

2.specify two or three ways in which policymakers and/or administrators could improve coordination in the way we design and adopt fiscal budgets.