The Risk Management **Project C** consists of choosing, comparing, and contrasting three hedging strategies for a portfolio of equities:

- Individual Stock Options
- Stock Index ETFs
- Stock Index Futures

__The paper should be no longer than 7 pages of text__ (with tables and charts allowed/required on additional pages). Your report is **due by 5 p.m. on Wednesday, April 28, 2021 (during Finals Week)**. Late reports will be penalized 10% per day (or fraction thereof). The project can be completed using Excel.

**Part 1: Choosing Hedging Instruments **

Assume (as in past projects) that you manage a $100 million portfolio comprised of $10 million invested in each of your ten stocks as of December 31, 2020.

You are worried about continuing short-term weakness for stocks, but you do not want to change your portfolio (you have a long-term bias). Start the paper by introducing what time frame you are choosing to hedge. Then,

- (~1.5 pages) For each of your 10 stocks
and discuss which would be best to hedge in a covered call position. Support with calculations.__, find three call contracts__ - (~1.5 pages) For each of your 10 stocks
and discuss which one would be best to hedge in a protective put position. Support with calculations.__, find three put contracts__ - (~1 page) Compare hedging strategies for YOUR ENTIRE (equal-weighted) PORTFOLIO
Explain which you would use to hedge.__using the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (SPY) and Invesco QQQ____Trust (QQQ) (separately).__ - (~1 page) Compare hedging strategies for YOUR ENTIRE (equal-weighted) PORTFOLIO
Choose which option you would use and explain why.__using E-Mini S&P 500 and Micro E-mini Nasdaq-100 stock____index futures (separately).__

**Part 2: Efficient Hedging to Manage Costs (~1.5 pages)**

Getting into and out of a hedge position can be costly. One important cost is the cost of liquidity, and more specifically the bid-ask spread. For each of your 4 strategies above,

- Compare the estimated bid-ask spread cost of hedging with the 10 calls in 1.A with the cost of hedging with the 10 puts in 1.B.
- Compare the estimated bid-ask spread costs of hedging your portfolio with index ETFs in 1.C with the cost of hedging with futures in 1D.
- Compare the estimated bid-ask spread costs of hedging individual stocks (1.A and

1.B) with hedging your complete portfolio (1.C and 1.D).