Rolfe Reflective Model Assignment Help

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There is no such thing as a ‘Perfect’ Reflection Model. Nursing students must first assess the case scenario before applying the most appropriate framework. The Driscoll Model of Reflection, on the other hand, is unique in that it focuses on self-reflection rather than individual experience. The structure of the reflection model is not rigid. Students can modify the framework and use questions that are not included in the framework. Although the Driscoll Model of Reflection follows the “What?” structure, nursing students can consist of their own questions.

Without further ado, let us look at the Driscoll Model of Reflection.

What Can You Learn From the Driscoll Model of Reflection 2007?

All occupational therapists (especially nurses) must understand the personal reflection model to advance their evaluation skills. Driscoll’s Model of Reflection is required whether you are writing an assignment or conducting a patient examination.

Driscoll’s ‘What?’ reflection framework, developed in 2007, is officially known as the Driscoll Model of Reflection 2007. It is also known as the “What?” “So What?” “Now What?” model. But what are the model’s main points? Let’s take a look at the subject.

• The “What?” Stage

If you have clinical practice experience, you will have to deal with healthcare issues daily. Therefore, the first step in the Driscoll Model of Reflection process is to ask yourself, “What?”

This step requires you to have a thorough understanding of the case scenario. For example, if a patient approaches you for a consultation, you must conduct a background check on the patient’s medical history. Then, you must proceed to the next step based on the information you have gathered.

• The “So What?” Stage

You must note the findings after conducting research on the case and applying your personal experience in the matter. Furthermore, you must decide on the best course of action to take in that situation.

For example, in the preceding case, you must examine the patient’s current condition and the symptoms. Essentially, the use of the “So What?” question aids in discovering what we learned from the process of reflection. After that, you move on to the next step.

• ‘What now?’ Stage

After the investigation is completed, you must decide on the best course of action. In addition, you must reflect on the case and determine whether the steps taken were effective in curing the patient.

For example, in the preceding example, you can determine whether you justified the medications administered to the patient. You will improve your evaluation skills and add to your experience by using the Driscoll Model of Reflection 2007.

In this manner, the cycle continues. When you come across the trigger questions in the following section, you will understand the topic. You will be able to understand what has been said in this section.

What are the references to the Driscoll Model of Reflection?

Specific trigger questions are associated with the Reflection model “What?” If you haven’t figured out how the Driscoll Model works, this section will help you understand the important Driscoll Model of Reflection references.

While you’re there:

  1. Determining the Event ‘What?’ Trigger Questions:

• What happened?

• Was my reaction appropriate?

• What is the point of revisiting the situation?

• What was the role of the other people involved in the case?

• Did I see anything?

Examining the Situation

So What?’ prompts the following follow-up questions:

• Were my emotions at the time of the event accurate?

• What are my current feelings? Is it any different from what I had to go through during the event?

• What were the event’s positive aspects?

• What changes in behavior and practice will occure as a result of the event?

Making a Decision on the Proposed Action

Following the conclusion of the event, questions such as ‘Now What?’ you trigger the following.

• What are the immediate implications of my presence in clinical practice based on the analysis of the event?

• Where can I find more information about the case I just handled

• Which ‘aspects’ should I address first if I encounter a similar situation?

• What is the most important thing I learned from the reflection?

• How will I be able to measure my progress in clinical practice?

These are some Driscoll Model of Reflection references that will help you advance your evaluation skills and knowledge.

What Are the Benefits of the Driscoll Model of Reflection?

As previously stated, there is no one perfect model for writing a reflective essay on evaluating a patient or a healthcare situation.

Several frameworks are available, including the Gibbs Reflective Cycle, the Schon Model, and the Kolb Reflective Cycle. Each has a place in the clinical treatment process and nursing. The question now is, what are the benefits of using the Driscoll Model of Refection in nursing assignments? What distinguishes it from the other available models of reflection? Let us investigate.

The ability to quickly assess a complex situation

“What?” is the third stem question. “So, what?” The “Now What?” model is a well-organized framework that is extremely simple to analyze. It allows health professionals to share their knowledge with others, improving their ability to assess a complex situation (e.g., critical condition of a patient).

Continuation of Professional Development

Reflective practice is an essential component of all healthcare professionals’ and nurses’ Continuing Professional Development (CPD). The Driscoll Model differs from the others in that it focuses on the process of reflection rather than the individual experience. It also aids in the maintenance of the growth and development process by providing a perfect blend of theory and practice.

Aids Professionals in Evaluating Their Skills

The advantage of the Driscoll model of reflection is enormous. The model assists professionals in evaluating their decisions and skills in a given situation. It allows you to improve your evaluation skills while assuring you that the learning process will never end. It also assists professionals in identifying their strengths and weaknesses and working to improve their weaknesses.

Now that you’re aware of the benefits of the Driscoll Model of Reflection, you can adequately assess the medical situation and take the necessary steps.

Are there any examples of the Driscoll Model of Reflection?

Instances are always the best way to clear students’ minds of doubts. You won’t be able to make sense of the assignment unless you look at a good example. As a result, we will examine a case scenario using the Driscoll Model of Reflection Example.

Assume that the example’s context is related to treating a patient, Mrs. Smith, who has a disability.


In this reflective essay, I will highlight a nursing skill that I developed during my internship program, utilizing Driscoll’s (2007) reflective cycle to demonstrate my ability to reflect on the various nursing skills. Per the standard Driscoll Model of Reflection, I will explain the What, So What, and Now What questions that assisted me in honing my evaluation skills.

The skill will depict dignity and its significance concerning Mrs. Smith, an elderly patient who has hearing problems and cannot keep his balance while walking. The nursing actions that will preserve Mrs. Smith’s dignity will be discussed in the essay.

A Skill

Mrs. Smith, who had been diagnosed with dementia, was in my care. Dementia is a chronic syndrome that causes memory, behavior, and the ability to carry out daily tasks to deteriorate. As a result of this condition, Mrs. Smith neglected her hygiene routine.

The term “dignity” refers to “being treated with respect.” When people reach an advanced age, they are usually helpless and embarrassed due to their inability to perform daily tasks. It was, however, my responsibility to uphold and promote dignity. It was critical to my nursing skill that I did not injure her self-esteem.

Her privacy, autonomy, self-worth, and identity were all directly linked to the concept of dignity. Mrs. Smith would have felt demotivated if dignity had not been present throughout the treatment, which exacerbated her mental health.

Rolfe Reflective Model Assignment Help

As a result, it was my responsibility to address her hearing impairment issue while also reminding her of basic hygiene skills. She needed to be treated with tenderness and affection. I discovered that nursing is more than just providing services; it is also about getting to know the patient on a human level. Respect is thus a synthesis of effective communication, courtesy, and spending time with the patient.

As previously stated, she was unable to maintain her balance and required my assistance in all activities. However, regardless of her condition, you have to make sure that you do not diminish her self-esteem (being wet with urine all the time as she kept on forgetting).

Mrs. Smith’s dignity is my primary concern, according to the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) Code of Conduct. Yet, somewhere along the way, my gentle nature aided her in healing faster than anyone could have predicted.

Finally, my understanding of the concept of dignity and its importance in health care and its benefit to service users has grown. NMC has played a critical role in preserving dignity regardless of race, gender, or sexual orientation.

Hopefully, this brief Driscoll Model of Reflection example will aid you in comprehending the framework concept as you write your essay. Next, try to analyze the sample using the framework’s trigger questions. Only you will be able to create unique content at that point.

What is John’s reflection model?

Christopher Johns (John 2006) developed his structured reflection model by analyzing the dialogue between practitioners and their supervisors who worked with him throughout the learning experience.

John’s model is built around five key cue questions that allow you to break down the experience and reflect on the process and outcomes. He based his reflective model on Carper’s seminal work, which explored aesthetics, personal knowledge, ethics, and empirics.

In this model, there are two sets of related processes: looking inwards and then looking outwards.

Looking In: First, the practitioner is asked to reflect on themselves and recall the experience under consideration. If you need to write a descriptive account of the situation, pay special attention to the emotions that arise during the event reflection time. It is also critical to concentrate on the emotions and other thoughts that have arisen since then.

Looking Out: This model of reflection’s looking out element is organized around five sets of questions. These are as follows:

• Aesthetic Questions- Aesthetic refers to questions about one’s sensory perceptions.

• Personal- Personal questions pertain to the process of self-examination.

• Ethical- In this model, ethical questions concern the coherence of your actions in relation to your moral and professional codes.

• Contextual- The model’s contextual element asks the practitioner to consider whether there were any external environmental or other factors acting on them.

• Reflective- The process of working through the reflective cycle has generated evidence-based observations, which allows the practitioner to make assessments. John’s reflective model is useful because it encourages reflection while taking into account a variety of viewpoints. However, because it focuses on the analysis of specific individual events rather than larger questions, this model may be limited in its application.

What Exactly Is the Rolfe Reflective Model?

In their book ‘Framework for Reflective Practice,’ Professor Gary Rolfe and colleagues (2001) developed another useful framework for self-reflection. It is one of the simplest reflective models in nursing because it is based on three simple questions: What? What’s the big deal? So, what now?

This is not to say that reflections should be superficial but rather as thorough as possible.


The first stage is a simple and straightforward description of what occurred. It also includes the experience you want to analyze and apply to your own learning.

What’s the big deal?

After carefully completing the description, you must ask yourself what the experience and situation mean. To that end, if you want to gain a thorough understanding of the subject, you should consult literature and colleagues. Otherwise, you’ll have to rely on your own interpretations.

So, what now?

Finally, consider the steps you will take to improve your practice and learn from your initial experience. You should create a simple action plan outlining what you would do and how you would determine whether your practices had improved.

According to Rolfe, answering these three questions honestly and thoroughly will always yield surprising and intriguing results.

What is Borton’s Reflection Model?

Borton’s development framework is fairly simple and easy to implement in nursing reflective writing models. Terry Borton, an American schoolteacher, created and published the framework in his book Read, Touch, and Teach. He created an appealing “What, So What, Now What” sequence of reflective education within this book.


In this section of the process, you explain what happened in relation to a task, event, or experience. It should summarize what has occurred and what you and others have been doing.

What’s the big deal?

This is a detailed examination of the event. This is the stage at which you try to make sense of what happened in the situation you described and consider what you could have done differently. “The So What stage is rational, intellectual cognitive- delving into the meaning of what has just happened,” according to Barton.

So, what now?

These are the suggested actions in the aftermath of an event, experience, lesson, or the like. This is the stage where you must consider what you are going to do next and the consequences of your actions.

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Writing a reflective assignment using the Driscoll Model of Reflection necessitates extensive research and analysis. Due to other commitments such as exam preparation and extracurricular activities, most students are unable to invest time. But you have to turn in the assignments at some point, right? This is where comes into play.

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