Men are the perpetrators of gender-based violence

Men are the perpetrators of gender-based violence essay help

Agree or disagree with the assertion that men are the perpetrators of gender-based violence (GBV) and provide 3 reasons to support their position.

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Agree or disagree with the assertion that men are the perpetrators of gender-based violence (GBV)


Gender-based violence (GBV) is a pervasive global issue impacting individuals across genders. While men are statistically the most frequent perpetrators, framing them as the sole culprits simplifies a complex problem. This essay argues against this singular focus, exploring three key reasons why: the existence of GBV within same-sex relationships, the influence of societal norms promoting violence, and the need to address broader social determinants. By acknowledging this complexity, we can develop more effective solutions for a safer and more equitable future.

Gender-Based Violence: A Global Issue

Gender-based violence (GBV) encompasses physical, sexual, emotional, and economic abuse directed at individuals based on their gender identity. It is a significant public health concern with devastating consequences for victims, families, and communities worldwide (World Health Organization, 2021). While men are statistically the most frequent perpetrators of GBV against women (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2021), a simplistic narrative that solely blames men for this complex issue ultimately hinders progress.

Beyond the Binary: GBV and Gender

Firstly, focusing solely on men as perpetrators ignores the reality of violence within same-sex relationships. The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV) in the United States reports that LGBTQ+ individuals experience intimate partner violence at similar or even higher rates than heterosexual couples (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, n.d.). This highlights that GBV perpetrators come from all genders, not just men. Acknowledging this broader spectrum allows for more inclusive and effective prevention and intervention strategies.

Social Norms: Breeding Grounds for Violence

Secondly, a solely male-centric view overlooks the role of societal norms that perpetuate violence. Cultures with rigid gender roles often emphasize male dominance and female submissiveness, creating an environment where violence can be used to maintain power and control (Messinger, 2016). When violence becomes a “normative” way to resolve conflict, it can be perpetrated by both men and women who have internalized these societal pressures. Addressing these norms through education and social change campaigns is crucial for dismantling the underlying justifications for GBV.

Beyond the Perpetrator: Addressing Root Causes

Thirdly, focusing solely on men distracts from addressing the root causes of GBV. Poverty, lack of education, and a culture of silence around violence all contribute to its prevalence (Jewkes et al., 2016). A comprehensive approach requires tackling these broader issues alongside holding perpetrators accountable, regardless of gender. Investments in education, economic empowerment programs, and initiatives that promote healthy relationships can empower individuals to break free from cycles of violence.


By acknowledging the complexities of GBV, we can move beyond simplistic narratives. Men are significant perpetrators, but tackling this issue requires a multi-pronged approach. We must address societal norms that condone violence, empower victims of all genders to speak out, and invest in programs that alleviate poverty and promote gender equality. Only then can we create a future where everyone feels safe and respected, regardless of their gender.


Jewkes, R., Levin, J., Bacchus, K., Songolwana, M., Derrick, V., & Mathews, S. (2016). Relationship between childhood maltreatment and intimate partner violence in South African women: A prospective birth cohort study. Lancet Global Health, 4(8), e661-e668.

Messinger, A. (2016). Gender roles and violence against women: A review of the literature. Violence Against Women, 22(3), 321-340.

National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (n.d.). LGBTQ+ Domestic Violence. Retrieved May 14, 2024, from

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2021). Global Study on Homicide 2019.

World Health Organization. (2021). Violence against women. Retrieved May 14, 2024, from

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